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What to look for when getting a pedigree cat

What to look for when getting a pedigree cat
Explanation of Pedigree Cats

Pedigree cats are felines that have been bred specifically to meet certain standards of appearance and temperament that are set forth by cat breeding organizations. Unlike mixed-breed cats, which are the result of random mating, pedigree cats come from a lineage of cats that have been carefully selected over multiple generations. These felines are registered, and their ancestry is documented in a recognized breed registry. The documentation serves as proof that the animal meets the specific criteria set for its breed in terms of physical characteristics, behavior, and often even health. Pedigree breeds include the Siamese, Maine Coon, Persian, and many others. Each breed has its unique set of characteristics that make it distinct from other breeds, and these characteristics are maintained through selective breeding.

The Popularity of Pedigree Cats:

Over the years, pedigree cats have gained immense popularity for various reasons. Many people are drawn to specific breeds because of their predictable physical characteristics and temperaments. For instance, a person looking for a calm and affectionate cat might opt for a Ragdoll, while someone interested in a more active and playful companion might prefer a Bengal. The fascination with purebred cats also stems from their exotic appearances, unique histories, and sometimes, rarity. Additionally, the media and popular culture have also contributed to their popularity; famous cats from movies, social media, and commercials often belong to specific breeds, which enhances their allure.

The Importance of Careful Consideration:

While pedigree cats offer the appeal of specific traits and predictability, prospective cat owners must exercise careful consideration before choosing one. Owning a pedigree cat often requires a significant investment, not just financially but also in terms of time and commitment for specialized care. Some breeds are prone to genetic health issues due to selective breeding, which can result in high veterinary costs and emotional distress. Ethical considerations should also be accounted for, such as the conditions under which the cats are bred and whether or not the breeders are responsible and humane. Thus, anyone considering bringing a pedigree cat into their home should conduct thorough research, consult with experts, and consider adopting from reputable breeders or rescue organizations that prioritize the well-being of the animals.

What to look for when getting a pedigree cat
Definition of Pedigree Cats:

Pedigree cats are a specific category of felines that have been selectively bred to conform to established standards for their respective breeds. Unlike random-bred or mixed-breed cats, pedigrees have a known lineage that is documented through a certified breed registry. These records trace back multiple generations, providing a genealogical confirmation that the cat is a true representative of its breed. Standards for each breed are set by cat fancier organizations and may include specifics about body structure, coat texture, eye color, and even personality traits. This means that a pedigree cat is not merely a “purebred” but is also an exemplar of its breed’s ideal characteristics.

The Significance of Pedigree in Cat Breeding:

The concept of pedigree holds significant weight in the realm of cat breeding, both as a measure of quality and as a tool for maintaining specific traits within a breed. A documented pedigree allows breeders to make informed decisions when pairing cats for mating, aiming to enhance desirable attributes or minimize the risk of genetic disorders. It also serves as an assurance to potential cat owners that they are acquiring an animal with predictable characteristics, both physical and behavioral. The pedigree thus plays a crucial role in preserving the integrity of each cat breed, ensuring that standards are met and that the unique features of each breed are passed on to future generations.

Different Cat Breeds and Their Characteristics:

The world of pedigree cats is incredibly diverse, featuring a wide range of breeds each with its unique set of characteristics. For instance, the Siamese is known for its striking blue eyes, slender body, and vocal nature. Maine Coons are one of the largest domesticated cat breeds, noted for their tufted ears, bushy tails, and friendly demeanor. Persians are prized for their luxurious long coats and brachycephalic (flat-faced) features, but require significant grooming. On the other hand, the Sphynx lacks a coat entirely and is loved for its playful and affectionate disposition. Each breed comes with its own set of care requirements, potential health issues, and ideal living conditions, making it important for prospective owners to do thorough research to determine which breed would be the best fit for their lifestyle.

Quick breed overview

Below is a list of some of the most popular pedigree cat breeds, along with information on their temperaments. Please note that every individual cat is unique and may not perfectly fit the general breed characteristics. Always spend time with a cat before adopting to make sure their temperament matches what you’re looking for.


  • Temperament: Generally calm, affectionate, and gentle. They love lounging around and are good with children and other pets. Persians prefer a serene environment.

Maine Coon

  • Temperament: Known as the “gentle giants” of the cat world. Friendly, intelligent, and good with children and other pets. Some Maine Coons even like playing fetch.


  • Temperament: Vocal, social, and intelligent. Siamese cats are often quite interactive and can be demanding for attention. They form strong bonds with their human companions.


  • Temperament: Extremely affectionate and docile. Often described as “puppy-like” because they like to follow their owners around. Good with children and other pets.

British Shorthair

  • Temperament: Calm, easygoing, and independent but affectionate. They are generally good with children and other pets, although they appreciate having some alone time as well.


  • Temperament: Known for being energetic, social, and affectionate. They love human attention and are good with children and other pets. Because they lack a coat, they may seek warmth and cuddle more often.


  • Temperament: Active, intelligent, and playful. Bengals are good for families who want a more “wild” temperament in a domestic setting. They enjoy climbing and interactive play.


  • Temperament: Sociable, friendly, and affectionate. They form strong bonds with their human families and often get along well with children and other pets.

Scottish Fold

  • Temperament: Generally calm, loving, and good-natured. They enjoy spending time with their human companions but are not overly demanding of attention.


  • Temperament: Active, playful, and intelligent. They are social cats that enjoy interacting with their human companions and exploring their environment.

American Shorthair

  • Temperament: Known for being easygoing, affectionate, and good with children and other pets. They are also fairly independent and not overly demanding of attention.

Russian Blue

  • Temperament: Generally shy around strangers but very affectionate with family members. They’re known to be gentle and are often good with children and other pets.

Remember that no matter the breed, each cat has its own unique personality and needs. It’s always recommended to spend time with a cat before adopting it, and consider adopting from a shelter or rescue to give a cat in need a loving home.

Why Breed Research Matters:

Deciding to bring a cat into your life is a long-term commitment that involves various responsibilities, from healthcare to daily care routines. When it comes to pedigree cats, understanding the specific breed you are interested in becomes even more critical. Each breed has its own set of characteristics, care requirements, and potential health issues. For example, some breeds may be prone to genetic conditions that require regular veterinary care, while others might have dietary or grooming needs that demand extra time and financial resources. Researching your desired breed will not only prepare you for what to expect but also help you determine if that particular breed is the right fit for your lifestyle, family situation, and living conditions. It’s a crucial step in responsible pet ownership.

Online Resources for Breed Information:

The internet offers a plethora of resources for researching cat breeds, ranging from dedicated breed websites, online forums, and social media groups to veterinary journals and academic articles. Websites like the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) or The International Cat Association (TICA) provide comprehensive guides on different breeds, outlining their history, characteristics, care needs, and potential health issues. Online forums and social media platforms can also offer valuable insights as they often contain firsthand accounts from current cat owners, which can give you a more practical understanding of what owning a specific breed entails. However, it’s important to verify the information from multiple reputable sources, as online platforms can sometimes contain misleading or incorrect information.

Talking to Breeders and Cat Owners:

While online resources are invaluable, speaking directly with breeders and current cat owners offers an unparalleled depth of insight. Reputable breeders are usually experts in their chosen breed and can provide detailed information about temperament, care requirements, and what to expect in terms of health and behavior. They can also provide the lineage and health certifications for their cats, giving you confidence in the quality and health of your potential pet. Cat owners, particularly those who have owned their pets for several years, can share real-life experiences and tips that you might not find in official guides or publications. Some might even invite you to their homes to interact with their cats, giving you firsthand experience with the breed’s temperament and care needs. This level of engagement is invaluable in making an informed decision about bringing a new feline companion into your life.

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Pro’s and Cons

Pros and Cons of Adopting a Pedigree Cat:


  1. Predictability: One of the main advantages of adopting a pedigree cat is the predictability in physical traits and often behavior. If you’re looking for specific characteristics, like coat length or temperament, a pedigree cat is more likely to meet those expectations.
  2. Health Screening: Reputable adoption centers often provide extensive health screenings and vaccinations, offering some assurance about the cat’s health.
  3. Supporting Adoption: Adopting from a shelter or rescue organization gives a home to a cat that might otherwise struggle to find one, and it can be a rewarding experience.


  1. Cost: Pedigree cats available for adoption may still come with a significant adoption fee, although it’s generally less than purchasing from a breeder.
  2. Limited Choices: There may be fewer options in terms of age, color, or specific breed when looking to adopt.
  3. Unknown Background: Although the cat is a pedigree, you might not get as much information about its lineage or early life compared to purchasing from a breeder.

Pros and Cons of Purchasing from a Breeder:


  1. Expert Guidance: Reputable breeders have a wealth of knowledge about the breed and can provide you with detailed care instructions, pedigree papers, and health guarantees.
  2. Wide Selection: You’re likely to have a wider array of options in terms of age, color, and specific breed traits.
  3. Known Lineage: You will have comprehensive information about the cat’s background, including its lineage and any potential inherited health issues, which can be crucial for pedigree breeds.


  1. Cost: Purchasing from a breeder can be expensive. The initial cost of the cat is just the beginning; there may also be costs for vaccinations, microchipping, and other initial veterinary care.
  2. Ethical Concerns: Not all breeders are reputable or ethical. Some may prioritize profit over the well-being of the animals.
  3. Potential for Health Issues: Despite the controlled breeding environment, pedigree cats can still be prone to genetic health issues, which may require ongoing veterinary care.
What to look for when getting a pedigree cat
Factors to Consider When Making the Decision:
  1. Lifestyle: Different breeds have different needs in terms of exercise, mental stimulation, and social interaction. Make sure the breed you are interested in aligns with your lifestyle.
  2. Budget: The initial adoption or purchase cost is just the tip of the iceberg. Consider ongoing expenses like food, grooming, and healthcare, which can vary widely depending on the breed.
  3. Space: Make sure you have sufficient space in your home for the cat to move around comfortably. Some breeds are more adaptable to apartment living, while others may require more space.
  4. Family Members: If you have children or other pets, consider how the new cat will fit into the existing family dynamics. Some breeds are better suited for families with kids or other animals.
  5. Time Commitment: Cats need attention, mental stimulation, and physical care. Make sure you have the time to dedicate to your new pet’s needs.
  6. Health: Some breeds are prone to specific health issues. Be prepared for possible veterinary expenses and emotional challenges if you choose such a breed.
  7. Ethical Considerations: Research the ethics of where you are getting your cat from. Adoption is generally considered ethical, but if you are buying, make sure it is from a reputable breeder who prioritizes the welfare of the animals.
Meeting Your Potential Cat:

Meeting your potential feline companion is a crucial step in the decision-making process. This is your chance to assess the cat’s temperament and how well it might fit with your lifestyle and family. Spend time interacting with the cat; observe how it responds to your touch, voice, and even how it interacts with other animals and people if possible. If you’re adopting from a shelter, ask the staff about the cat’s history, behavior, and any known health issues. If you’re purchasing from a breeder, this visit is also an opportunity to assess the conditions in which the cats are kept, which can provide valuable insights into the breeder’s ethics and the cat’s well-being.

Note that the first meeting can be stressful for the cat, as it’s in a new environment or meeting new people. It might not display its “true” personality immediately. You may need more than one visit or an extended period during the visit to get a more accurate gauge of the cat’s temperament. Whether you’re a first-time cat owner or adding another feline to your family, taking the time to meet and get to know your potential cat is invaluable in ensuring a successful and happy relationship for years to come.


Choosing to bring a pedigree cat into your life is a significant decision that requires thoughtful consideration and research. From understanding the definition and significance of pedigree in cat breeding to the pros and cons of adopting versus buying from a breeder, it’s crucial to be well-informed. Factors such as lifestyle, budget, space, and family dynamics should also be part of your decision-making process. Once you’ve done your due diligence, meeting your potential feline companion offers invaluable insights into whether the cat is the right fit for you and your family.

The Joy of Having a Well-Chosen Pedigree Cat:

When you’ve done your homework and chosen a pedigree cat that fits well with your lifestyle and needs, the rewards can be immense. The predictability in behavior and physical traits can bring a sense of comfort and companionship that enriches your life in unique ways. Whether it’s the playful antics of a Bengal, the soothing presence of a Ragdoll, or the majestic beauty of a Maine Coon, a well-chosen pedigree cat can bring endless joy and become a cherished member of your family.

Encouragement to Provide the Best Care and Love for Your Feline Companion:

Owning a pedigree cat is not just a privilege but also a responsibility. These cats depend on you for their well-being, and in return, they offer unconditional love and companionship. Therefore, it’s essential to commit to providing the best possible care, from regular veterinary check-ups to daily interactions and mental stimulation. Adopting or purchasing a cat should not be a whimsical decision but a lifelong commitment to provide love, care, and a stable environment. Your feline friend will repay you with affection, loyalty, and countless moments of joy.

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